Visit To Turkey

travel,holiday,visit,turkey,visit to turkey,tourism,tourist,to visit, visitor,go to turkey,visit istanbul,turkey's walpaper,antalya,tourism,travel

Hellenistic Ephesus

BC 1050 in Greece from the port city of immigrants started to live in Ephesus, BC 560 has been moved around in the Temple of Artemis. Today's generals of Alexander the Great visited Ephesus Lysimakhos by the BC was founded in 300 years. Autonomous cities in Rome Apameia Kibotos coin is partner with the city. This town in Asia Minor in the classical period began to behave very bright semi-autonomous. Lysimakhos, city of Miletus found Hippodamos'un "Grid Plan" establishes a re-based. According to this plan, the city streets of all the cuts perpendicular to each other.

Roman Period Ephesus

Hellenistic and Roman age living in the most glorious periods Ephesus, the Roman Emperor Augustus in the time and the population of Asia was the capital of the state of that period (1st BC - 2nd century) has exceeded 200,000 people. Bu dönemde her yer mermerden yapılmış anıtsal yapılarla donatılır. This monumental structure made of marble in every place is equipped with.

BC 4. century in Ephesus at the expiry of the trade back to port. Port a few times will clear the Emperor Hadrian. The harbor from the north and Small Menderes rivers Marnas Brook silt brought by the dollar.Efes is away from the sea. 7thcentury, the Arabs will attack the shore. Byzantine period and the first time it was founded again replaced Selcuk 'comes to taki Ayasuluk Hill Ephesus, is taken by Turks in 1330. Ayasuluk, 16th century began to shrink gradually since. Today, in the region, with 30,000 population town of Selçuk is tourism.

Ephesus ruins part of the Hadrianus Temple frieze at the entrance of the 3 thousand-year institutions in the legend of Ephesus are located in the following sentence: Kodros'un brave son of Athens king Androklos, against the sides of the Aegean like to explore. First, consult with the oracle of Delphi Temple of Apollo in the city. Oracle him, fish and pork at the point where the city would set up. When you think of the meaning of this word Androklos dark blue waters of the Aegean sailing Opens ...Kaystros (Küçük Menderes) River, the Gulf's mouth when they came to decide to quit the land. Keep the fire from the fish cook while working out of a hog, to keep the fish runs. That prophecy was realized. Burada bir kent kurmaya karar verirler... Here you decide to build a city ...

Between East and West as the main port city of Ephesus was an important port. This position of the most important era of Ephesus as the development of political and trade center in Asia and the Roman era to be the capital of the state has provided. Ephesus, the debtor is not only to its importance in ancient times. Anatolia's oldest anatanrıça (Kybele) based on the traditions of the cult of Artemis in Ephesus is the largest temple is located. Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the seven wonders of the world are considered.

BC 6. century science, art and culture in the front row with Miletus in Ephesus, Herakleitos wise, expression to our dreams Artemidoros, Callinos poet and Hipponaks, knowledge of grammar Zenodotos, Soranos physicians and famous people such as Rufus famous people rich by selling information and harem established

Architectural works

Ephesus, where the date has changed several times throughout the ruins are spread over an area about 8 kilometers wide. Ayasuluk Tepesi, Artemision, Ephesus and Selcuk ruins of the four main areas visited by tourists year average is 1.5 million. The first city built entirely of marble buildings and works mainly in Ephesus are described below:

Temple of Artemis: was one of the seven wonders of the world. AAncient world's first temple was built of marble. Size 130 x 68 meters and the front facade of the other Artemis (Mother goddess) temple facing west is like.

Magnesia Gate (Upper Gate), and East Gymnasiumu: There are two entrances of Ephesus. One of them around the walls of the city's east gate, which the Virgin Mary House Road Kapısı'dır Magnesia. East Gymnasiumu, Panayır Mountain is right next to the Magnesia Gate. Gymnasion, is a school of the Roman Era.

Odeion: Efes's management had a bicameral.One of them is on the Advisory Council meeting is closed on time and concerts are given in this structure. It has a capacity of 1400 persons.Therefore, the structure "Bouleterion" is also known as.

Agora and basilica above: that is was built by Emperor Augustus, the official meeting place and the stock market transactions. Odeion'un önündedir. Odeion'un is in front.

Prytaneion (Municipal Palace): Prytan duties as mayor of the city would do. The biggest task of this structure with thick columns symbolizing the immortality of the city does not extinguish the fire to the city. Prytan, Prytan, the city had undertaken this task on behalf of Goddess Hestia.Shop around, as the gods and the emperor was a statue.Sculptures in the museum here and Ephesus Artemis was converted into a museum later.Buildings next to the city's official guest was leaving.

Domitianus Square: to the south of the Square, on the terrace was built by Emperor Domitianus on behalf of the people of Ephesus and the temple under a big gallery has Efes inscriptions.In the East, and possibly the hospital structure, Pollio Fountain, Monument is located in the north Memnius on the street.

Heracles Gate: Roman period was built at the end of the pathway, these gates have made Kuretler Street.Forces of God because of the front is named Herakles relief.

Fountain Traianus: Street is one of the two-storey monument. Gold stands in the middle pillar of the Emperor Trainus'un statue symbolizes the sphere to the world.

Hillside House: was built on terraces in multi-storey house in the city's wealthy lived. With the best type of home Peristilli this house was the modern comforts of home.Coating and the marble walls with frescoes, the base is covered with mosaics. Home heating system and baths and all are available.

Celsius Library

Public Toilet and Bath: The Romans are the most important social structure. Cold, warm and hot parts are available. Has been repaired in the Byzantine period. The public toilet in the middle of the pool structure, but also is used as a meeting place.

Hadrianus Temple: Emperor Hadrianus name, was built as a memorial temple.Korinth and friezes in regular institutions of Ephesus which is the legend.

Oktagon: Kleopatra'nın a monumental tomb for his sister's.

Heroon: Efes is the name of the legendary founder Androklos is a fountain structure.The front part was changed in the Byzantine period.

Celsius Library: Roman period structures is one of the most beautiful buildings and a library, and has undertaken as a grave monument. That killed the governor of Ephesus Celsus in MS106, the son of the father on behalf of the library has done as a grave monument. The library is under the west wall of the tomb Celsus'un.Front between 1970-1980 has been restored. Library books in rolls, were stored in niches in the wall.

Serapis Temple: Efes which is one of the most interesting building is the Temple of Serapis, the Celsus Library is just behind.

Monumental Fountain: Odeion'un square in front of the city "of the State Agora (Upper Agora) capability. Egypt in the middle of the temple of God (İsis) was found. BC 80 In 80 years by the Monumental Fountain Laecanus Bassus, is located in the southwest corner of the State Agora.Around this place here and the Domitian Square clustered in Pollio Fountain, Temple of Domitian, Memmius structures, such as Monument and the Heracles Gate is reached.

Mermerli way

Mazeus Mithridates (Agora South) Gate: Library before, the Emperor Augustus was built on time. Door to the Trade Agora (Agora following) is passed.

Marble Street: The street goes back to the library to the theater is the place.

Agora: 110 x 110 meters in the mid-size open environment is an area surrounded by shops, portikler. AAgora, the city was the commercial and cultural center. Agora is the starting point of Marble Street.

Grand Theater: The structure at the end of Marble Street, the 24,000-person capacity theater is the largest of the ancient world. Very ornate and three-storey stage building was completely destroyed. Seating steps are three sections. Theater, St.Paul's sermon was the venue.

Theater Gymnasiumu: Both schools have the greatest structures and functions of the bath is on the yard. Thespian here to order the restoration of the marble pieces were.


Harbor Street: The Great Theater from the ancient harbor filled up today, extending to the two side columns and marble fitted Harbor Street (Arcadiane Street), the longest street in Ephesus is. Length of 600 meters on the street during the city's Christian heritage have been made. Each statue is one of the follower in one of the four-column four Apostles Monument, near the middle of the street.

Bath Gymnasiumu Harbor and Port: Liman Caddesi at the end of the group of large buildings. Bir bölümü kazılmıştır. A section was excavated.

Palace Construction, Stadium Street, Stadium and Gymnasium: a section of the Byzantine palace and the street has been restored. In the form of a horseshoe stadium, sports games and competitions in the ancient era of the place. Gladiator games were made in the late Roman period. Stadium next to the bath-school Vedius Gymnasiumu is complex. Vedius Gymnasiumu city's north end Vedius, is located next to the Byzantine period walls.

Mary Church: 431 Council meeting on the availability of the Virgin Mary Church (Church Council), the first church was built is the name of Mary. Bath is located in the north of the harbor.

Virgin Mary House: Jesus mother of the Virgin Mary, after Jesus died.Jean came to Ephesus, and with the last years of life lived here. However, as explained in the Kitab-ı Mukaddes period of Mary's tomb is Silifke'sinde today's rumor is selefkosunda.

Seven Sleepers: the Byzantine period tombs in the church was brought into that land, from late Roman emperor Decius in time of persecution of pagans run of seven Christian youths Panayır Mountain refuge in the caves of the rumor is believed that all research, but the truth of the cave period, the largest center and St. Paul is the birthplace of Tarsus' tadır.

St.Jean Church: Byzantine Emperor, and that period is made by United Iustinianus the largest structures in the center of one with 6 domed churches, at the bottom, Christ's favorite disciple.The claims of Jean's grave, but is not yet found any findings. In the north of the church building and vaftizhane treasure is.

Castle: Castle in the glass and are water cisterns.

Isabey Mosque: 1375yılında Mimar Şam'lı by Ali Bey to Jesus Aydınoğulları'ndan was built.